Now showing items 21-40 of 173

  • The Lexical Source of Unexpressed Participants and their Role in Sentence and Discourse Understanding 

    Koenig, Jean-Pierre; Mauner, Gail; Melinger, Alissa; Bienvenue, Breton (John Benjamins, 2002)
    This chapter presents preliminary evidence that bears on the issue of how unexpressed (agent) participants are represented and when they are included in the representations of agentless passive sentences using two experimental ...
  • The Vowel Systems of California Hokan 

    Good, Jeff (2002)
    While reconstructions of Proto-Hokan forms exist, it has not yet been possible to provide a detailed analysis of the sound changes required to relate reconstructed forms to attested forms. As a result, even though the ...
  • Review of Puetz, M. & Verspoor, M., Explorations in Linguistic Relativity 

    Bohnemeyer, Jürgen (2002)
    The past decade has seen a remarkable resurgence of interest in the possible influences of language on ‘thought’, i.e. relativism, the “Whorf Theory Complex” (P. Lee), or the Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis (LRH). On ...
  • Invisible time lines in the fabric of events: Temporal coherence in Yucatec narratives 

    Bohnemeyer, Jürgen (American Anthropological Association, 2003)
    This article examines how narratives are structured in a language in which event order is largely not coded. Yucatec Maya lacks both tense inflections and temporal connectives corresponding to English after and before. ...
  • The unique vector constraint: The impact of direction changes on the linguistic segmentation of motion events.  

    Bohnemeyer, Jürgen (Oxford University Press, 2003)
    This paper draws on ongoing research of the Event Representation group within the Argument Structure project at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen. The Event Representation group is dedicated ...
  • Clause combining in Chechen 

    Good, Jeff (John Benjamins, 2003)
    Chechen exhibits three major strategies for the combination of clauses: coordination, chaining, and subordination. The major formal characteristics of these three traditional categories of clause linking are discussed ...
  • What does it mean to be a dependent? 

    Koenig, Jean-Pierre; Paris, Luis (CSLI Publications, 2003)
    This paper shows that the Gerund Phrase (GP) in the Spanish Gerund Construction (e.g., El jefe entr´o a su oficina corriendo, lit. ‘The boss entered his office running’) is sometimes a complement (in SGCC) and sometimes ...
  • Morphosyntactic tone raising in Saramaccan: The reanalysis of substrate phonology as tonal morphology 

    Good, Jeff (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003)
    The focus of this paper is on several cases of tone raising in Saramaccan, an Atlantic creole spoken in Surinam, which appear to be best analyzed as the manifestation of morphological floating high tones. Floating tones ...
  • A gentle introduction to metadata 

    Good, Jeff (2003)
    Metadata is a new word based on an old concept. Any summary of the contents of a library or archive, like a card catalog, contains metadata. It is the preferred term of the technical community to refer to ``card-catalog'' ...
  • NSM without the Strong Lexicalization Hypothesis 

    Bohnemeyer, Jürgen (De Gruyter, 2003)
    I would like to begin by briefly reviewing the assumptions and hypotheses the NSM approach is predicated on. The goal of this exercise is to understand how these are interrelated, what hinges on every one of them, and ...
  • Semantically transparent linking in HPSG 

    Koenig, Jean-Pierre; Davis, Anthony (CSLI Publications, 2003)
    Most researchers now agree that subcategorization correlates significantly with semantics. But this semantic component of linking has proved elusive. Most, if not all, theories of linking have, in pratice, resorted to ...
  • Non-redundant scope disambiguation in Underspecified Semantics 

    Chaves, Rui P. (2003)
    This paper presents a strategy that aims to efficiently avoid the generation of logically equivalent formulas that arise in scope processing applications. Constraint based semantic underspecification formalisms may be ...
  • Tone and accent in Saramaccan: Charting a deep split in the phonology of a language 

    Good, Jeff (Elsevier, 2004)
    Saramaccan, an Atlantic creole spoken in Surinam, has traditionally been analyzed as exhibiting a high-tone/low-tone opposition in its lexicon. However, while it is true that part of its lexicon exhibits a robust high/low ...
  • What is a perfect state? 

    Koenig, Jean-Pierre; Nishiyama, Atsuko (Cascadilla Press, 2004)
    Although many previous studies have tried to explain the English perfect’s various readings, none of them have been entirely successful. In this article, we argue that the perfect is pragmatically, rather than semantically, ...
  • Split prosody and creole simplicity: The case of Saramaccan 

    Good, Jeff (AEJPL, 2004)
    Saramaccan, an Atlantic creole whose lexifier languages are Portuguese and English, has a “split” prosodic system wherein the majority of its words are marked for pitch accent but an important minority are marked for ...
  • Montage: Leveraging advances in grammar engineering, linguistic ontologies, and mark-up for the documentation of underdescribed languages 

    Good, Jeff; Bender, Emily; Sag, Ivan; Flickinger, Dan (Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, 2004)
    The Montage project aims to develop a suite of software tools which will assist field linguists in organizing and analyzing the data they collect while at the same time producing resources which are easily discoverable ...
  • Split intransitivity, linking, and lexical representation: the case of Yukatek Maya 

    Bohnemeyer, Jürgen (De Gruyter, 2004)
    Split-intransitive systems of argument marking provide an excellent opportunity to study the structure of the lexical-semantic representations that underlie argument structure alternations and argument linking rules. Yukatek ...
  • The descriptive grammar as a (meta)database 

    Good, Jeff (2004)
    This paper presents a general model for the structure of the traditional descriptive grammar based on a survey of four printed grammars, each of which was chosen as representative of a different "genre": a "best-practice" ...
  • Event realization and default aspect 

    Bohnemeyer, Jürgen; Swift, Mary (Springer Verlag, 2004)
    There are languages – e.g., German, Inuktitut, and Russian – in which the aspectual reference of clauses depends on the telicity of their event predicates. We argue that in such languages, clauses or verb phrases not ...
  • Raising doubts about Russian impersonals 

    Koenig, Jean-Pierre; Davis, Anthony R. (CSLI Publications, 2004)
    The Russian data presented in Perlmutter and Moore (2002) seem to call into question the standard analysis of raising within Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG): In Russian, the case marking of the raising ...