Flame-vortex interaction in a reacting vortex ring
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Direct numerical simulations are used to study the flame-vortex interaction in a laminar reacting vortex ring. The chemical reaction occurs by a one-step, Arrhenius-type reaction that mimics the combustion of typical hydrocarbon and air. The ring is generated by an axisymmetric jet that is impulsed to emit a cold fuel through a nozzle. The fuel enters a quiescent ambient at a much higher temperature. By adjusting the ratio of the ambient and fuel temperatures, the ignition either occurs during the formation or post-formation phase of the ring. When ignition occurs during the formation phase of the ring, the bulk of combustion is by a flame at the front of the vortex bubble. When ignition is delayed until after the formation phase, most of the reaction occurs inside the vortex ring. It is found that premixing the fuel and the oxidizer enhances the amount of product formation. The heat released from the reaction significantly affects production, redistribution, and diffusion of the vorticity throughout the field. The results of the simulations also reveal that the heat of reaction affects the strain rate fields differently depending on when the ignition of the ring occurs.