Mapping constructions as word templates: evidence from French
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In this paper, I will outline a monotonic approach to what Jackendoff (1990) calls the correspondence problem, i.e. the mapping of semantic structure to surface syntax. My approach is based on three simple ideas. The first is that mapping principles are word templates, i.e. abstractions over fully specified lexical entries (or certain subparts of lexical entries): they constitute generalizations over the way classes of words associate their semantic arguments to their syntactic complements. The second is that mapping principles can include complex information, and, crucially, that the kind of complex information found in mapping principles spans the range of information found in lexical entries. The third idea is that the set of mapping principles (or word classes in the present approach) found in a grammar do not constitute an amorphous list of principles. They form a hierarchy of more or less general mapping types and this hierarchy of mapping types allows us to capture generalizations while accounting for the full range of phenomena.