Linking without grammatical relations in Yucatec: Alignment, extraction, and control
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It is argued that the linking between semantic roles and syntactic arguments is not governed by grammatical relations in Yucatec. Intraclausally, alignment (or “obviation”) constraints disambiguate arguments for linking: the “actor” argument of transitive active verb forms must outrank the undergoer on a “prominence” hierarchy if both are third-person. Interclausally, linking is regulated by construction-specific rules: in the case of extraction, one that mandates use of a special voice form in case the target of extraction thematically outranks another argument; in the case of control, one that requires the highest-ranking thematic role to be linked to the target of control.