Fate and transport of persistent tetracycline residues in the environment
MetadataShow full item record
Tetracycline antibiotics from human and veterinary use can enter the environment through the land-application of sewage sludge and/or animal manure that are used as soil conditioners. There has been an increased concern that animal diets containing tetracyclines may lead to the emergence of drug resistance among pathogenic microbes due to prolonged exposure to low levels of these persistent antibiotics. Research studies in this dissertation are aimed at: (1) detection of tetracycline antibiotics in manure fertilized soil and wastewater, (2) investigation of the factors that affect mobility of these residues in soil, and (3) elucidation of the mechanisms of interaction of tetracycline with clay and organic matter. ELISA concentrations showed that oxytetracycline and chlortetracycline persist in the soil fertilized with contaminated manure for several months. Liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS) confirmed the presence of tetracycline compounds in wastewater effluent samples showing incomplete degradation which may result due to development of resistance in the mixed-culture microbes that are used in the biodegradation facility at a local wastewater treatment plant. Several mechanisms of non-covalent interactions of oxytetracycline and tetracycline in clay and clay associated humic are proposed based on the adsorption isotherms and the results from X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), attenuated total reflectance (ATR) FT-IR, one-dimensional nuclear magentic resonance (NMR) analyses. Two-dimensional NMR and mass spectrometry (MS) analyses provide evidence of the formation of novel covalent adducts of tetracycline with the oligomers of model humus constituent (syringic) and soil organic matter. Our results indicate that initially the adsorption of tetracycline into soil occurs via non-covalent interactions. Longer these residues remain sequestered in soil results in their slow chemical incorporation into humus via covalent bonding. Because phenolic diketone moiety is the principal active center in tetracycline group of antibiotics, the involvement of one of the phenolic oxygens attached to tetracycline aromatic ring in covalent bonding with humic substances can diminish its mobility, bioavailability, and bioactivity.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Molecularly imprinted xerogels for tetracycline: Binding and isolation experiments and computational modeling Mojica, Elmer-Rico Esteban (2010)Molecular imprinting has become a useful tool to develop materials with selective properties. Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) are prepared by the molecular imprinting technique that is a method for copolymerization ...
Biodegradation of ciprofloxacin, sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, and tetracycline as a function of microbial growth rate and nitrification Sermek, Leila (2007)Two hypotheses were tested to examine biodegradation of ciprofloxacin, sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, and tetracycline by suspended growth cultures as a function of microbial growth rate and nitrification. Data for ...
Development of strategies to improve extraction, clean-up, and detection of tetracycline antibiotics from various soil types O'Connor, Seamus (2007)An optimized extraction and clean-up method for the analysis of tetracycline antibiotics in soil is presented in this dissertation. Soil extraction using different solvents was investigated, but the use of a 50/50 (v/v) ...