The sustaining element: The ideal of home in twentieth-century Puerto Rican architecture
Toro Sepulveda, Kalia Belines
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Among the changes that occurred after the Usonian occupation of Puerto Rico (1898) there were several shifts implied in the new notions of progress and industrial modernity. As in many manifestations, these changes are reflected in the island's domestic architecture. This thesis intends to examine Puerto Rico's cultural phenomenon of industrialization as expressed in the evolution of the dwelling in the aftermath of the occupation of 1898. Within the context of the architectural theory of Critical Regionalism, the project will describe and analyze the role of the popular desire for progress in the evolution of home as a nucleus of human emotion in the context of national, social, and familial formation. The project is supported by a varied bibliography on history, sociology, literature, art, and architecture sources. The visual part of the project will be based on the observation, photographic and archival documentation of a series of representative individual buildings and housing complexes in Puerto Rico to illustrate findings, descriptions, and concepts. In addition, the examination of blueprints and planning documents will provide further evidence of the evolution of the dwelling in the island.