Influences a model has on the snack consumption of overweight and normal-weight pre-adolescent girls
Romero, Natalie D.
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Studies indicate that the presence of peers influence children's food consumption. It is assumed that the modeling of others' food intake produces this effect. The present study directly tests this possibility by assessing the effects of a model on the energy intake of overweight (n = 22) and normal-weight (n = 22) pre-adolescent girls. Results indicate that all participants conformed to the eating behavior of the model. A main effect of portion size, F (1,40) = 5.1, p < 0.05 ( d = 0.65; 95%CI:0.35 to 0.65), and a main effect of weight status, F (1,40) = 4.9, p < 0.05 ( d = 0.63; 95%CI:0.35 to 0.65) were found. Participants that watched the large portion video consumed more cookies, M = 61, SD = 32, than participants who watched the small portion video, M = 41, SD = 27. This study emphasizes youth's response to the social environment and its influence on their food consumption.