Imprimerie Darantiere and the 'making' of Joyce's "Ulysses": A material study
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The purpose of this study is simple: it seeks to give an historical account of the material and textual condition of the first edition Ulysses published by Shakespeare and Company in 1922. Working primarily through historical bibliography, it describes the papers, fonts, format, printing-house processes, subscription prospectus, layout, and binding that recorded the 1922 text. In doing thus, this study offers insight into the kinds of 'authority' Joyce exerted over his text as object. Because Joyce was significantly revising and adding to the language of the book at the same time that it was being materially constructed, this study also reveals aspects of the composition of Ulysses as it occurred linguistically on placard and page proofs. Elements of the early and pre-publication reception of Ulysses have also been given at certain points, particularly where they touch upon questions of materiality. The primary source used to relate this information is the James Joyce/Sylvia Beach archive housed at the SUNY-Buffalo Poetry Collection. A series of correspondence from Imprimerie Darantiere to Beach and Joyce provides the foundation and informs the course of research undertaken in this study. Recourse is made to the so-called "miscellaneous" Ulysses publication documents held in the Buffalo collection, as well as to The James Joyce Archive , editions of correspondence, biographies, technical dictionaries, historical sources, criticism, and, not least of all, the various editions of Ulysses . As the extensive endnotes may suggest, this study is implicitly about organization, a question of how to use the archive to narrate the history of a culturally significant textual object.