Comparison of functional independence, community participation and occupational self-perception of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and children without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
MetadataShow full item record
Objective. This exploratory study compared functional independence, community participation and occupational self-perception between nine children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (Group I) and nine children without (Group II). Method. All parents completed demographic form and the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale-2 nd edition (Vineland), measured functional independence; participants completed the Children's Assessment for Participation and Enjoyment and Preferences for Activities of Children (CAPE/PAC), measured community participation and the Child Occupational Self Assessment (COSA), measured occupational self-perception. Results. Group I demonstrated lower communication (F[2,16]=8.123, p<0.012), socialization (F[2,16]=28.311, p<0.001), and daily living (F[2,16]=6.925; p=.018) on the Vineland and greater perception of problems on the COSA (t[2,16]=7.439, p=0.015). No differences were seen in the CAPE/PAC composite scores. Further exploration of the CAPE/PAC items revealed that in group I the likelihood and/or frequency of engaging in musical instrument and visiting others was lower, but engaging in singing and non-team sports was higher than group II. Group I also stayed closer to family and home with singing and non-team sports. Discussion. These preliminary results support further study of participation among children with ADHD.