A comparison of the effectiveness of two handwriting programs on handwriting legibility
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The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two cursive handwriting programs, Handwriting Without Tears, which uses a multisensory approach, and Loops and Other Groups, which uses a kinesthetic approach, on the handwriting legibility of 20 third grade students in regular education classes. This study utilized a two-group pretest-posttest design. One class received instruction using the Handwriting Without Tears program and one class received instruction using the Loops and Other Groups program. The Evaluation Tool of Children's Handwriting-cursive ( ETCH-c ) was used for pre-test and post-test measurement of word and letter legibility. Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U Test and Kruskal-Wallis one-way ANOVA. Results indicated that the Handwriting Without Tears students with the lowest pre-test scores made the most improvement when compared with all students in both programs. Findings suggest that students with handwriting difficulties may benefit the most from instruction using the Handwriting Without Tears program.