Impact on American higher education: The prevalence of the "eating disorder-not otherwise specified" (EDNOS) category with examination of the "eating disorder bodybuilding type" (EDBT) category among Division I-A varsity male student-athletes
Suglia, Robert Louis
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With the majority of eating disorder research and literature centered on the female perspective, intertwined myths and stigmas have been woven into the fabric of the American culture. Scholarship on anorexia and bulimia holds a clear position of dominance as the third and final clinical eating disorder category is often ignored. The eating disorder "not otherwise specified" (EDNOS) category is the most frequently prescribed eating disorder, is suspected to hold a gender-neutral prevalence rate, and has been detected with high rates of occurrences in male athlete populations. Even with the promise of a greater understanding of the disease and the dynamic of ill males, the "not otherwise specified" category remains understudied and is often excluded from research and literature. This neglect permits a continuation of existing misperceptions to breed a social ignorance, uncertainty, and embarrassment for the overlooked male population suffering with eating disorders; abandoned in a culture that does not socially and most often does not medically recognize their disease. The further study on the unique relationship among the "not otherwise specified" category, males, college athletics, and the newly proposed "Eating Disorder Bodybuilding Type" (EDBT) category will contribute to eating disorder etiology. Advancement in this area can lead to a more truthful account of ill males and the understanding that the disease is equally severe among both genders. As forthcoming studies continue to agree with the gender commonalities of predisposing traits, the stigmatic view of males with eating disorders may lose credibility.