The influence of post-event rumination on social anxiety
Grant, DeMond Michael
MetadataShow full item record
This investigation examined whether post-event rumination influenced individuals with social anxiety following an impromptu speech task. Using an established paradigm within the depression literature, this study tested whether rumination influenced the emotions (i.e., positive and negative rumination), negative self-appraisals (i.e., perceived performance of the speech, anxiety sensations during the speech, and positive and negative feedback of the speech), and symptoms (i.e., depression, anxiety, and rumination about the speech) associated with anxiety following the speech. Additional analyses were conducted to examine whether the amount of self-reported rumination following the speech influenced the association between negative self-appraisals and social anxiety. Participants were 92 college students selected to be either high or low in social anxiety, randomly assigned to either ruminate or distract following the speech task. Overall, the results did not support the rumination paradigm as influencing emotions, negative self-appraisals, or symptoms among socially anxious individuals. However, post-event rumination was supported as one pathway through which negative self-appraisals influenced social anxiety. Additionally, depressive symptoms did not impact the results. Theoretical implications of these findings and future directions are discussed.