'And with the courage of a fiery lion': Spartan ideology and Lakonian kylikes of the sixth century B.C
Van Velsor, Ciara Rose
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During antiquity the Spartan way of life was distinguished by rigorous military training of males and strict social customs. Xenophon, Plutarch and Aristotle describe Spartan social and political life in some detail. The poems of Tyrtaeus and Alkman express the ideology that formed the basis of Spartan society. From an educational point of view, perhaps the most important place where this poetry was sung was at the Phiditia . During the meal, men would sing this poetry while drinking wine from their kylikes. Past scholarship has treated Lakonian poetry and pottery scenes as separate subjects, but my analysis will show that the kylix scenes were meant to reinforce, complement and even serve as an inspiration for these songs and vice versa. Songs and kylix imagery were part of the same experience, with similar purpose and message, meant to be heard and seen and the same time.