Occupational role performance and post-partum depression: A pilot exploratory study
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Postpartum depression (PPD) is a relatively common condition affecting new mothers. The purpose of this pilot-exploratory study was to investigate if there are differences in the occupational role performance of mothers with and without PPD using the Occupational Performance History Interview-II (OPHI-II). The research studies the correlation between EPDS and the OPHI-II separately and calculates the prevalence of PPD in the sample pool from a Western New York (WNY) City. A consecutive sample of 101 new mothers, 4-6 weeks postpartum was recruited from a university-affiliated hospital in WNY. Nearly 22% women were found to have PPD symptoms using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). It was also found that there are significant differences on all 3 subscales of OPHI-II (p<.01) using the student's t test. Using Pearson's Product Moment Correlation, only the Occupational Competence Scale was found to have significant moderate correlation with high scores on EPDS (r = .435).