Neighborhood effects and teenage childbearing in New York City
Miao, Xinwei Michelle
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The purpose of this study is to explore how the concentration of neighborhood social disorganization sources affects the incidence of teenage childbearing in New York City using multilevel analysis with interactions. Hypotheses derived from social disorganization and social capital theories are tested. The aggregate level results indicate that adolescent childbearing rates are higher in neighborhoods with a concentration of residents of low SES, high residential mobility and minorities. The findings from multilevel analysis are mixed. Contrary to predictions from social disorganization theory, the impact of neighborhood social disorganization on childbearing incidence seems to evaporate especially for minority teens after individual background characteristics are taken into account. On the other hand, consistent with prior literature, low family income appears to have the most robust impact on teenage childbearing incidence among all the predictors. Possible explanations for the achieved results are discussed.