Quantitative integration and three-dimensional visualization of multi-tool archaeological geophysics survey
Ambrose, Heather M
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Multi-tool geophysical surveys at archaeological sites have proven to be successful in locating buried structures and features. The geophysical data can be used qualitatively to create more accurate site plans and to evaluate archaeological site potential. However, the recent use of multi-tool surveys has led to the need for the development of a quantitative method of integrating the data collected from several techniques. By mathematically integrating the different data into one comprehensive data set, the subsequent interpretations may be greatly improved. The collaboration of geophysicists and non-geophysicists (i.e. archaeologists) in these surveys has also led to the need for developing innovative methods of displaying the data so that the anomalies in the data are visible to everyone. Geophysical data can be displayed more clearly to non-geophysicists by employing new 3-D visualization technologies. Three specific archaeological sites--Humayma, located in southern Jordan, Old Fort Niagara, located in Youngstown, New York, and Wolfs Mill, located in Amherst, New York--will be used in this research. With the difference in climate conditions between the three sites, the effect of climate on the quality of the geophysical data will also be examined.