From solid waste management to solid waste avoidance: A critical evaluation of zero waste strategic plans
Kozlowski Russell, Jessica
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This thesis uses content analysis and a plan evaluation index (derived from plan evaluation literature) to evaluate eleven zero waste strategic action plan. Plans are assessed for completeness--whether or not they contained a strong fact base, articulated goals, and appropriately directed policies. The zero waste plans are also tested to determine to what extent they are adhering to the core tenets of zero waste philosophies of waste prevention and reduction. Findings reveal that the plans suffer from being unbalanced and incomplete. Plans adhere to zero waste principals, but struggle to translate these principals into meaningful policies and strategies at the municipal level. As a result, plans may inadvertently be promoting an agenda of recycling and composting at the municipal level rather than focusing on waste prevention and reduction. Future research should be aimed at developing appropriate municipal-level interventions for achieving zero waste.