Attention disorders: Treatment methods utilized by school-based occupational therapists and their perceived effectiveness
Hooper, Elizabeth M.
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Objective . This study examined the frequency and perceived effectiveness of treatment approaches used by school-based occupational therapists to improve attention in students with attention disorders and whether or not participants' demographics had any relation to these factors. Method . The Occupational Therapists' Perceptions of Interventions Used with Attention Deficit Disorders Questionnaire was sent to 250 therapists treating students with attention disorders. Frequencies were used to report the treatments and the therapists' perceptions of effectiveness of treatments used. Kruskal-Wallice one-way ANOVA and the Mann-Whitney U test determined the impact of demographic variables on the therapists' treatment choices and their perceived effectiveness. Results . Environmental modifications were perceived as most effective. The students' age, type of school and setting influenced treatment approaches. Conclusions . Factors unique to school based occupational therapists, including students' age and treatment settings, appear to influence the treatment choices and perceived effectiveness of interventions when working with students with attention disorders.