Development of leisure occupations in children and adolescents without disabilties ages 6-16 years
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Children's participation in leisure activities is vital for their growth and development. Evidence cites that gender, and age affects the preferences of the activities in typically developing children. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the differences in activity preferences of 70 typically-developing children based on age and gender. Using the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment / Preferences for Activities (CAPE/PAC) Questionnaire, the Children's Occupational Self Assessment Scale (COSA) and a demographic form. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) revealed no age-related differences, controlling for gender. Statistically significant differences in gender, controlling for age, were seen in diversity (p=.033), intensity (p=.016), skill-based activities (p=.043), competence (p=.022), and importance of activities (p=.043) scores from the questionnaires, with females scoring higher in each case. The results provide baseline information on activities of children without disabilities and may be useful to occupational therapists' understanding of leisure in boys and girls.