The influence of demographic factors, knowledge and beliefs on intention for mammography screening among Jordanian women
Othman, Areej K.
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Significance. Although breast cancer is a serious women's health problem in Jordan, little is known about women's screening behavior for this disease. Purpose. To better understand knowledge about breast cancer and screening, and practices for early detection of breast cancer among Jordanian women. Method. The search strategy included: electronic data bases of CINAHL, Medline, and Google scholar. Additionally, key persons were contacted for identification of unpublished studies. Study selection. Because of the scarcity of relevant research in Jordan, all retrieved articles were included in the review. Findings. Analysis of pertinent studies revealed that breast cancer screening literature in Jordan articulated around three major components: knowledge about breast cancer, BSE practice: frequency and proficiency, and mammography practice. To the best of my knowledge, clinical breast exam in Jordan has not previously been evaluated There is a deficit of breast cancer knowledge among Jordanian women & nurses. Most of the studies focused on Breast Self Exam (BSE) practice. Practicing regular BSE is limited; women who are older have increased education and knowledge. Those who have decreased perceptions of the barriers to breast cancer screening are more prone to practice BSE monthly. Studies addressing mammography practice are very limited and lack statistical power. Thus, evidence is inconclusive. Conclusion. There is a pressing need to increase public knowledge about breast cancer and screening methods. Consistency in theory, variables, and measurements is evident across reviewed studies; this is believed to generate robust evidence. Further studies are needed to enhance the general application of these findings. Interventional studies are critically mandated to enhance women's knowledge about breast cancer, and promote the utilization of screening services in Jordan.