Impact of home modification education on fall prevention in home-based older adults
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One out of three older adults aged 65 and over experience a fall annually. Falls are associated with physical and psychological morbidity. Fall prevention is thus important considering its impact on older adults. The purpose of this study was to identify the impact of home modification education on reducing the number of falls in home-based older adults. This study used a one sample pre and post test design with 40 participants aged 65 and older, who live in their own home. An initial assessment and education was provided and the follow-up assessment was conducted after three months, with monthly phone calls in between. The statistical analysis using paired t-tests revealed that home modification education resulted in reduction in the number of home hazards, falls, and fear of falls. Occupational therapists are encouraged to utilize home modification education as a low-cost intervention that can prevent falls and reduce the fear of falls.