Undergraduates' nonmedical use of psychostimulants and academic motivation
Amo, Laura Casey
MetadataShow full item record
Undergraduate college students' nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NMPS) is a well-documented problem in American colleges and universities. The purpose of the present study was to specify sources of academic motivation that impact students' decision to engage in NMPS and to determine whether or not factors of academic motivation interacted with other student characteristics to impact NMPS. Student characteristics included gender, GPA and academic major; academic motivation included achievement goal orientation (mastery goal orientation and performance goal orientation) and competitiveness (personal competitiveness and hypercompetitiveness). 137 undergraduate students completed surveys with items addressing background, experience with NMPS over the past six months, and academic motivation. In six separate logistic regression models, student characteristics, academic motivation, and interactions between these constructs were modeled as predictors of NMPS. Results indicated that neither student characteristics nor academic motivation predicted NMPS in isolation. Mastery goals interacted with gender to predict NMPS and GPA interacted with hypercompetitiveness to predict NMPS. Implications of findings and suggestions for future research are discussed.