Outcome and therapeutic alliance in solution -focused brief therapy
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There has not been a great deal of research on the application of solution-focused brief therapy to difficult children and their families in a clinical therapy type setting. The purposes of the study were: (1) to provide evidence that SFBT is a viable treatment option for troubled youth and their families, (2) to examine the relation between therapeutic alliance and outcome, and (3) to study whether academic and behavioral performance of students improves as a result of this type of systemic intervention. This study is a non-experimental design made up of variables assessing families that completed at least two conjoint SFBT family therapy sessions. Participants were the families with difficult children who have home and school related behavioral concerns. All of the school records were not attainable for the entire sample, so only those that were could be used. These school measures were examined one semester preceding therapy and one semester post-therapy. The results of the study indicated that students GPA, school attendance, and number of school discipline reports improved between pre- and post- test. Students' and parents' therapy outcomes and therapeutic alliances were also improved between pre- and post-tests. Alliance findings produced mixed results but suggested that therapeutic alliance is more important in the beginning of treatment then at the end. Implications and limitations of the study are discussed and future recommendations suggested.