Salaries and satisfaction: A cross-national analysis of the effect of motherhood on paid employment
McCormick, Jennifer Higgins
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Building off of the concept of the “Gender Paradox” in job satisfaction, this study investigates whether a paradox in job satisfaction exists among women, specifically between mothers and childless women supported by Sieber's Role Accumulation Theory. Reexamining the concept of job satisfaction from perspective of work/life balance attitudes, reported satisfaction levels of the employee and individual scores of the Big Five Personality Trait Taxonomy, this study analyzes the experiences of mothers and childless women across six countries using samples derived from the International Social Survey Program on Work Orientations 2005. Results indicate that despite earning less, mothers are nearly equally as satisfied with their jobs as non-mothers and that mothers may use a different set of determinants for job satisfaction. The findings also suggest that the practice of using Big Five Trait Taxonomy to measure performance and job satisfaction should be re-evaluated.