Rate Dependency of Silver Vanadium Phosphorous Oxide Reduction
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The silver vanadium phosphorus oxide (Ag 2 VO 2 PO 4 ) is a high-capacity and good-compatibility material for the cathode in the battery. Due to their innovative properties, they are used as cathode in lithium batteries. Therefore, when the lithium batteries begin to discharge, the anodes of the cell perform an electrochemical oxidation and release electrons. In the mean time, the cathodes in the cells perform the electrochemical reduction and catch the electrons. For reduction of Ag 2 VO 2 PO 4 , two silver ions (Ag + ) catch two electrons to form silver particles, and the vanadium ions (V 5+ ) catch two electrons to form V 3+ . It means that four electrons will be released by lithium anode. We call this four electrons discharge as 100% discharge. In my most of the projects, the Ag 2 VO 2 PO 4 material is tested by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to check purity. My study is based on the discharge of batteries, and I focus on the morphology and the intensity of silver particles on the cathode after discharge. Depending on different adjustment of factors, such as discharge time, discharge rate, storage time, storage temperature, I try to investigate the silver intensity, conductivity as a function of DOD (Depth of Discharge). The silver particles could be examined by optical microscope, and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Moreover, I do some x-ray diffraction analysis to quantify the silver particles after discharge. Also, I perform magnetic susceptibility measurement to check the mechanism of the reduction of vanadium ions. Under the research on silver ions and vanadium ions, I will know a big frame of reduction process on silver vanadium phosphorous oxide and the time effect on this cathode material.