Bursting shackles from within: H.D.'s and Marianne Moore's poetic conversations of novelty and institution from "The New Freewoman" to "The Egoist"
Sayth, Natalie Erin
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This thesis investigates expressions of individualism and feminism in one of the most influential little magazines of the modernist period. Originally The Freewoman: A Weekly Feminist Review, this magazine later became The New Freewoman and then The Egoist, both later titles holding the subtitle An Individualist Review. I discuss how World War I-era editions of this magazine opened a new venue for conversations that value not just individualism, but community. Furthermore, I argue that the early contents of the magazine, almost entirely expository prose, rely on theories of individualism to boldly advance feminist causes, whereas the introduction of more poetry and reviews into the magazine enacts a subtler, but still meaningful, discussion of feminism through the personal connections of individuals. The bonds that essayists in The New Freewoman admonish are reclaimed by poets Hilda Doolittle (H.D.) and Marianne Moore in The Egoist as a means by which to establish coexistent distinction and collaboration among an integral modernist literary community.