You Must Not Know Bout Me*: Reviewed Resistance of Sarah Bartmann, Josephine Baker, and Beyoncé Knowles
Bennerson, Ashley J.
MetadataShow full item record
This thesis explores three forms of resistance demonstrated through the lives of Josephine Baker, Sarah Bartmann, and Beyoncé Knowles. These forms of resistance are "talking back" (originally from bell hooks); oppositional gaze (also originally from bell hooks); and oppositional talking back. Also this thesis highlights the progress made by Baker and Beyoncé since Bartmanns' image was established in the early 1800's. The first part of this work reviews the life of Sarah Bartmann and explores the ways in which she may have resisted her oppression while she was alive. By reviewing her life situations possible instances where she may have been resistant are questioned. Because these things were never recognized they were possibly documented incorrectly. It goes on to look at the life of Josephine Baker. This section introduces the idea of "talking back" and "oppositional gaze" as it applies to the body of Baker. Both of these ideas originate from bell hooks' essays titled Talking Back and Oppositional Gaze . In this work however they are expanded upon and evolve into my own idea of resistance which I call "oppositional talking back." This last idea of resistance is discussed in the last chapter through the life and work of Beyoncé Knowles. Ultimately I argue that these women have managed to create a space for themselves outside of Bartmann's legacy. I also argue that they have done this despite how history may record the opposite. *Beyonce Knowles title: Irreplaceable Album: B-Day released in 2006