"Life and Times of Michael K" in the Light of Iqbalian khudi
Ali, Tasawar M.
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This paper draws a parallel between Allama Mohammad Iqbal's concept of khudi and J. M. Coetzee's novel Life and Times of Michael K. Khudi means the recognition of self, the realization of full potential in an individual. A fully-realized individual is a prerequisite for a healthy, peaceful society. The central theme in Life and Times of Michael K is the celebration and realization of such individuality. Coetzee depicts a subject-centred ethic-o-political system in this novel, while urging the individual to rewrite his identity by soaring above and seeing through such ideologies as naturalness and rootedness. Both Iqbal and Coetzee agree upon the fact that only mentally free and spirituality strong individuals are capable of forming a peaceful society. Freedom comes by being able to carefully decipher the state's divisive practices and by developing the self-hood or personality known as khudi . In order to have relationships based on love and connectivity, individuals need to raise their consciousness of self-hood, khudi .