The effects of remittances on Haiti's local economic development and the factors that motivate New York Haitian migrants to participate in the remittance economy
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For decades, remittances have been a financial support for less developed countries, specifically countries in the Caribbean such as Haiti. While a few scholars have examined the flow of remittances and the major factors that support the flow of remittances in various places, there are no case studies that examine the effects of remittances on Haiti's local economic development and the factors that motivate New York Haitian migrants to participate in the remittance economy. This study asks the following questions: (1) How does the motivation to remit vary depending on a remitter's ties to Haiti? (2) What are the general patterns of Haiti's remittance flow, and what factors affect those patterns? (3) Are remittances contributing to the local economic development in Haiti? This study addresses these questions by using a two phase interview process with senders in New York State and recipients in Haiti. The findings of this dissertation indicate that New York Haitian migrants' ties to their homeland motivate them to remit. Also, the findings of this dissertation indicate that remittances are the main contribution that is sustaining the Haitian economy. Various variables such as gender, age, salaries, geographical location, and frequency of phone calls have impact on the flow of remittances. Finally, the findings of this dissertation reveal that remittances can have a positive impact on local development, and the daily survival of local people.