In the aftermath of law: Title IX, public policy, and grassroots activism
Sinclair, Katrina A.
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In 1972 Title IX was passed as part of the Educational Amendment banning sex discrimination in schools receiving federal funds. Its main purpose with regard to athletics is to give girls and women "equal access" to sports and athletics in all federally funded educational institutions. Interestingly it was in the popular and cultural venue of sports, more than academics, that the principles of Title IX legislation were contested. The battle to implement Title IX, in sports, represents the emergence of dramatic changes that began to take hold in the 1960's and the 1970's. The rise of Feminism and the Rise of the New Right were both important social and political movements with far-reaching consequences that continue to shape the socio-political culture of contemporary America. By looking at the battle to implement Title IX, historians, scholars, and students alike are presented with an example of the complex and contradictory ways in which legislative and social change are both intricately connected. This dissertation, In the Aftermath of Law: Title IX, Public Policy, and Grassroots Activism , adds to this discussion by looking at a wide range of individuals and groups that effected change throughout this process. Advocacy groups worked together to both oversee and influence the implementation and structure of the legislation, while at the same time educate the public as to the intent of the law. Critics also emerged in this process to both challenge gender equity in sports and the intent of the law. The picture of gender equity that emerged from this period is equally affected by the stamp of these critics. Individuals, students, and athletes alike also played an important role in the shaping of Title IX policy. Their actions in demanding their rights under the law helped to propel both the implementation of the law and also the education of the public in general as to the intent of the law.