Observational evidence of new physics from higher dimensional electroweak vacua and optical polarization of quasar light
Poltis, Robert Vincent
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Although the standard model of cosmology describes the general properties of universe very well, there still remain some troubling unexplained observations. It is widely accepted that new physics must become important to fully explain all observations. We will present some aspects of the effects of adding higher dimensional nonrenormalizable operators to the standard model Higgs potential. A result of this is the appearance of new vacuum states. This model presents interesting consequences for cosmology and particle physics, and may possesses the benefit of being testable at collider experiments. The gravitational wave signature from turbulence resulting from a first order phase transition is also considered. Also, we present a geometry that might explain the observation of both the coherent orientation of the linear optical polarization vectors on cosmological scales and the rotation of the average angle of polarization over cosmological scales. The quasars themselves may be aligned as a result of the influence of a magnetic field left over from two interlinked loops of cosmic strings which affect the physical orientation of the objects themselves. Finally, evidence for an additional number of light neutrino species is reconsidered.