Creating a replacement fishery within the Tuscarora Nation wetland site
Chew, Edward Silvio Schuyler
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The construction of the Niagara Power Project in 1960 resulted in considerable damage to natural wetland functions and adversely affected the ability of Tuscarora people to harvest sustainable fish resources from Gill Creek within their territory. The Tuscarora Nation wetland enhancement project intends to address ecological degradation primarily by replacing the Gill Creek fishery with an engineered fishery within the Tuscarora Nation wetland area. The purpose of this study was to select an appropriate fish species suited to thrive in this wetland fishery. The analyses of this study confirmed that the survival of fish species, such as brown bullheads and yellow perch at the project site will require the transformation of this wetland into a system of connected ponds or streams. Considering that community surveys indicate a desire to preserve this wetland for educational and recreational purposes, this study advocates for an alternative restoration approach that will have far less potential to create further destruction to the wetland than creating a fishery.