Perspectives on goal-attainment from African American individuals living in poverty
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This study sought to gain a perspective on goal attainment from people who live in poverty, and identify factors which might hinder or facilitate goal attainment. Goal attainment is important to a person's psychological, emotional, financial, and social well-being. Some researchers have stated that further research should be devoted to understanding how individuals in poverty perceive and achieve goals. In addition, researchers have indicated that there is a paucity of research on goal attainment in minority groups. This study utilized a qualitative method to study the construct of goal attainment in14 African American male and female participants. Seven themes emerged from the analysis of the participants' interviews. As expected many of the issues which influenced goal attainment were related to factors surrounding resilience, self-efficacy, mental well-being and socioeconomic status. An unexpected outcome from this study was that race would be reported by participants as an important component in their ability to attain their goals. Further research should explore how race plays a role in goal attainment in other racial groups (i.e., Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Latino/a Americans) utilizing qualitative and quantitative methods. The findings from this research add to the literature on goals, specifically, factors that might influence goal attainment in individuals who are experiencing poverty. This study also explicated factors that might influence a person's ability to be resilient, maintain their mental wellbeing, and increase their quality of life.