Indo-Roman trade: Rise and demise
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This thesis offers an examination of the history of Indo-Roman trade from its rise in about second century B.C.E., to its demise in the seventh century C.E. The main focus of this research is on the chronology and reasons for the decline in the Indo-Roman trade. Through a consideration of the political and economic history of the Roman world, the rise of Sassanians and later Arab Muslims, as well as the diplomacy of Sogdians and Christian merchants with Indians and Chinese, it is argued that the decline in Roman trade in the third century C.E. was merely a disruption in a long history of constant relations between East and the West. In addition, the main decline in the history of Indo-Roman trade happened in the late Sassanian period and early Islamic era when the diplomacy between Arabia and the Persians and later Muslim rulers, made them the supreme rulers of trade.