Understanding active travel by youth: The effect of maternal work patterns
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My hypothesis was that mothers' labor force participation together with perceived transportation issues is an important intervening association, which influences youth travel behavior. The analyses examined the associations between youth active travel and various individual, household, mothers' work status and perception, and environment factors. Multiple regressions with 95 percent confidence intervals for the coefficients were performed with geographic controls (i.e. urban indicator). Youth active travel was partially associated with mothers' characteristics such as work conditions, and education level; some models included direct or indirect indicator of mothers' working status as an opportunity rather than a constraint. These findings may highlight the working mothers were more generous for their children to travel independently and, as a result, those youth were more likely to choose physically active transportation. Based on the results presented in this dissertation, in conjunction with previous research findings, it is reasonable to conclude that labor force participation of mothers was not necessarily hindering their children's active travel, but mothers' working conditions such as commuting distance and time play an important role to boost youth non-motorized travel.