Korean mothers' child rearing practices and socialization goals for their young children
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This study investigated immigrant Korean mothers' child rearing practices and socialization goals toward their young children. This study included four different types of immigrant Korean mothers' status (i.e., 1.5 generation Korean American mother, temporary immigrant mother, interracial marriage mother, and 1.5 generation in interracial marriage mother) to explore the relationship between Korean cultural values and parenting practices that influence children's social development. Participants were 158 immigrant Korean mothers with children age range from birth through 8 years old. Mothers completed a demographic forms and questionnaires measuring child rearing practices and socialization goals. This study examined five research questions: (a) immigrant Korean mothers' socialization goals toward their young children, (b) immigrant Korean mothers' child rearing practices, (c) associations of child rearing practices and socialization goals, (d) associations of family characteristics and child rearing practices, (e) associations of family characteristics and socialization goals. The results indicated that immigrant Korean mothers more concerned with their child's socio-emotional development than with their filial piety and academic achievement even though the mean difference is minimal. Regarding parenting practices, Korean mothers practiced more authoritative style and training style than the authoritarian style of parenting. The study results provided that there is a fair degree of consistency in the relationships between certain socialization goals and parenting practices such as valuing academic achievement and filial piety were positively related to the use of authoritarian parenting whereas valuing socio-emotional development was positively related the use of authoritative parenting practices. The findings of this study highlighted that the perception of child rearing practices and socialization goals is not the same as in the past for Korean mothers. The study also demonstrated that child rearing practices and socialization goals are related to cultural contexts that shape and function differently among Korean.