Stereotype threat and female test performance: Mathematics
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Stereotype threat is a phenomenon that members of a group may experience when they feel that they may either conform to, or affirm, a negative stereotype. This study explores whether the presence of stereotype threat regarding women's poor math performance will affect women's actual performance. The experimental group took a math test after reading instructions that included a short report about how women's math performance is typically poorer than males. The control group took the same test after having read instructions with no such report. Participants included 20 female and 27 male students enrolled in a Psychology 101 course at the University at Buffalo. The findings did not strongly support the hypothesis; the ANOVA results on the gender by test version interaction were not statistically significant at the .05 level (F = 1.963, p = .168). The effect size for this comparison was minimal (r 2 = .064).