Reconstructing the systemic model of social control: Spatial dependence and horizontal dimensions of neighborhood collective action in Buffalo, New York
Gocker, James Clarke
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Systemic theory has emerged as a central means for understanding and explaining the enduring problem of social control. However, systemic theory contains crucial gaps. This study attempted to reconstruct Hunter's (1985) systemic model of social control to include conditions of spatial dependence and horizontal dimensions of neighborhood collective action. The concept of spatial dependence was developed in relation to a concept of resource dependence. Ethnographic methods were used in collecting data of community organizations in Buffalo, NY. A modified version of Burawoy's (1991) extended case method approach was used to conduct an empirical reconstruction of the systemic model of social control. Conditions of spatial dependence were examined as grounds for horizontal dimensions of organizational solidarity. This research found that organized residents in Buffalo engage in two models of reconstructed systemic social control: Discrete Systemic Approach (DSA) model; Collaborative Systemic Approach (CSA) model. Key dynamics and implications of these models were discussed.