Bullying behavior and victimization among adolescents in a residential placement
Berry-Krazmien, Christine A
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Research indicates that victims of bullying behaviors may experience depression, loneliness, and externalizing problems (Crick & Grotpeter, 1995). Individuals who engage in bullying behaviors are more likely to be unhappy at school (Olweus, 1993) and suffer from depression (Slee, 1994), Bullying and victims both suffer from short term and long term effects of bullying. The current study explored the predictors of bullying behavior and victimization in 80 adolescents placed in a residential placement. The predictors assessed were age, gender, internalizing symptoms, externalizing symptoms, self concept, social support, and child maltreatment. Predictors were assessed based upon teacher report, self-report, and a review of educational records. Results indicated that internalizing behaviors and self concept each uniquely contribute to predicting victimization. Externalizing Behaviors and self concept each uniquely contributed to predicting and bullying behaviors. It appeared that when students reported externalizing and internalizing behaviors, self concept was no longer a significant predictor. Results of this study also indicated that bully-victims have the most severe symptomology with significantly higher externalizing and internalizing behaviors in bully-victims, than in pure bullies or pure victims.