The relationship between alcohol relapse and the occurrence of intimate partner violence
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The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the association between relapse to alcohol and relapse to intimate partner violence in a sample of men admitted to an outpatient substance abuse treatment facility. More specifically, this study examined the relationship between quantity of alcohol consumed and the severity of violence. In addition, this investigation also considered the moderating effect of antisocial personality disorder, female partner drinking, and actual face-to-face contact on these variables. Subjects included domestically violent men entering an outpatient substance abuse treatment program and their female partners ( N = 294). Potential participants were screened during intake using the Conflict Tactics Scale and those eligible, who wished to participate, were administered the SCID at the baseline assessment session. Participants then received standard treatment for their alcohol abuse (i.e., 1 session of individual therapy and 2 group sessions per week for 12 weeks). Data were collected at post treatment and quarterly thereafter for one year. Findings suggest that when partner violent men who complete alcohol treatment relapse to alcohol, they are likely to relapse to violence. More specifically, the results of this investigation indicate any alcohol consumption, regardless of amount consumed, is moderately associated with IPV. Moreover, for males with an ASPD diagnosis who consume alcohol there is a high probability that violence will occur in his intimate relationship. Drinking on the part of a female partner also increases the probability of violence in the relationship. Our findings complement those that have explored the alcohol-violence link. Actual face-to-face contact strengthens the results of the study.