Intrapersonal factors on acceptance of disabilities for people with traumatic brain injuries
Lin, Diane HuiHua
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The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between intrapersonal factors (coping, life orientation, locus of control, and self-esteem) and disability acceptance among people with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The hypotheses included the following: (1) There is a positive correlation between positive ways of coping and one's acceptance of disability. (2) There is a negative correlation between negative ways of coping and one's acceptance of disability. (3) There is a positive correlation between an optimistic life orientation and one's level of acceptance of disability. (4) There is a positive correlation between internal locus of control and one's level of acceptance of disability, and (5) there is a positive correlation between self-esteem and level and acceptance of disability among individuals with TBI. Twenty individuals with TBI in the Buffalo area participated in the study. Within the 14 subcategories of coping style studied, substance abuse, behavioral disengagement, venting, self-blame and planning were found to be significantly and negatively associated with acceptance of disability. Accepting was found to have positively significant correlation with disability acceptance. Optimistic life orientation was found not to be significantly related to acceptance of disability in this study. Locus of control was not found to have any positively or negatively significant correlations with disability acceptance either. These results were contradictory. Finally, self-esteem was found to have significant and positive correlation with every subdomain of disability acceptance.