Gender differences on educational attainment: An examination of Asian American students
This article examines the gender differences of Asian American adolescents' educational attainment and further explores how various measures, ranging from family socioeconomic status, to parental expectations and involvement, to self-expectations and self-esteem, to high school academic performance, affect their educational attainment. The data come from the 1992 and 2000 panels of National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS88). The findings of the study show a consistent edge of Asian American females over males on educational attainment and significant differences between them. Higher English comprehension leads to higher educational attainment for both sexes and low English comprehension causes Asian American females to quit college. This indicates that the English comprehension of Asian Americans still lag behind that of the whites even after generations of assimilation. The study also finds that self-esteem plays an instrumental role for Asian adolescents, especially for the females, to make higher educational achievements. As the previous study finds, the study finds that parents' highest educational level and parental expectation has a positive effect on Asian adolescents' educational attainment.