The shifting purpose of the museum and institutional critique
MetadataShow full item record
The historical framework the role of the museum has had on society outlines our most basic assumptions about the past. By analyzing traditional forms of display within the museum and the historical trajectory of institutionalism, one could criticize the museum as an institution based on patriarchal structures, ideological motives, and the commodification of art. Following these formulations, museums may be classified under negative constructions such as a "shrine", a "market-driven industry" or a "space of colonization". In response, groundbreaking avant-garde movements were put into practice by artists, curators and art historians to encourage self-determined, socially equal and culturally in-tuned spaces and theories of art. These revolutionary modes of expression opened the museum to institutional critique and allowed new dialogues between artists and their audience. Contemporary assessments on the functions of the museum demand a need for transparency and a shift in purpose to meet the needs of a diverse audience.