"Otro cortes que los sujetase": Espacios de poder y negociacion en el "teatro augusto" novohispano (1660-1692)
Del Rio Rivas, Rodrigo
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In this thesis we study the strategies applied by Novo-Hispanic elites, or " teatro augusto, " to create spaces of negotiation and maintain the order in the New Spain. We study three key moments in the last years of the seventeenth century that explain these strategies while we name and explain the main factors behind the Mexico City turmoil of 1692. The thesis begins with a study of the regency of the viceroy conde de Baños (1660-1664), focusing in the reactions from the teatro agusuto facing the nepotism and favoritism used by the viceroy as his main policies to rule. In consequence of these policies the Mexico City ayuntamiento of was rapidly deteriorated, politically and economically speaking. From 1665 to 1691, we study the reaction of the elites facing this emergency leading us to question the role of the literates in the Novo Hispanic court and politics. These factors generated a political and social juncture from where history was written and narrated. This worked as a mechanism of power that I have called the Novo-Hispanic Metropolitan Archive. From here, the literate Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora wrote and gave meaning to the letter he sent to the admiral Andrés de Pez giving him his account of the turmoil of July 8. The last part of the thesis explains the motifs of the letter and give a new reading of it, placing the self-depiction of Sigüenza in parallel with the conquistador Hernán Cortés facing the lack of order and control over the plebeian and agustas societies within Mexico City. With his letter, the literate showed a will of power that thinks the Conquista de México has not been finished yet and place himself as a key agent in this enterprise.