Interpersonal interpretations of measures of group members' counseling perceptions, corrective feedback, and stage of change at pre-group
Amos, Brian S.
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Interpersonal problems are one of the primary reasons individuals seek therapy and participate in group counseling. This study examined interpersonal interpretations of several measures of group therapy perceptions by applying the Interpersonal Circumplex Model (Wiggins, 1982, 1991). The Interpersonal Circumplex is a well-established model of interpersonal behaviors that provides two orthogonal bi-polar dimensions (Dominance and Affiliation) for organizing interpersonal variables, such as interpersonal problems. Using a projection process, subscales from three measures of group therapy perceptions were graphed onto the Interpersonal Circumplex to establish a relationship between perceptions of group therapy and specific interpersonal problem types. The sample consisted of 248 participants who completed several measures prior to participating in group counseling lab for course credit. Participants were divided into two groups: undergraduate students and graduate students; similar findings were found in both groups of participants. Negative perceptions of being vulnerable in group counseling and were found to relate to interpersonal problems associated with being too Warm and Dominant. A belief in negative myths about group counseling was found to relate to interpersonal problems associated with being overly Friendly. Perceptions of corrective feedback were found to relate to interpersonal problems associated with being too Submissive. The Precontemplation and Contemplation stages of change, as perceptions of readiness for change in group counseling, were found to relate to interpersonal problems associated with being too Friendly and too Submissive. Overall levels of interpersonal distress were found to relate to a number of different aspects of perceptions of the group therapy experience.