Factor analysis of the psychosocial assessment tool (PAT2.0)
Haugli, Sara Elizabeth
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The Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT2.0) is used in hospitals to help families who have been newly affected by childhood cancer. Specifically, this screener helps patients, their caregivers and siblings, and psychosocial staff. The PAT2.0 pinpoints problems and allows staff to address concerns efficiently. As health care costs rise, use of the PAT2.0 could decrease the costs of intervention services by providing preventative psychosocial care. With a sample (N = 345) of families who have been affected by childhood cancer from Mississippi and New York, the present exploratory factor analysis (EFA) supported a six-factor solution that expands on research of the screener's published structure. Five factors were similar to subscales on the PAT2.0. The sixth factor was a combination of 2 subscales. The purpose of this study was to evaluate higher-level psychometrics of the PAT2.0, conduct the first factor analysis done to the screener, and provide further psychometric evaluation by researchers not in connection with the developers. Furthermore, the investigation tested the internal consistency reliability in a larger sample size. Future research should attempt to confirm the present factor structure and further validate the psychometrics.