La transnarrationalite euro-maghrebine: Mouvement et ecriture identitaires dans la litterature contemporaine de l'homosocial marocain
Le Blond, Olivier Cyril
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This study explores the development of contemporary Moroccan queer literature written in French since 1995 and how it attests to a literary trend called transnarrationalité. It bases its approach in part on existing studies of narration, gender, sexuality, and queer theory in an effort to discuss how movement across voice, sexual relations, and world regions exemplifies this turn in Moroccan literature. Through such discussion, the project brings into a productive conversation theories viewed as Eurocentric and putatively less reliable in such a study as well as projects similar questions in world regions such as North Africa the Caribbean. Transnarrationalité arises from the engagement with such theories and with a corpus of literary works set in Euro-Maghrebian contexts as a means to read literature written across questions of identity, narration, and related disciplinary fields. Three novels by contemporary Moroccan authors demonstrate such queer characteristics: Rachid O.'s L'Enfant ébloui (1995), Abdellah Taïa's L'Armée du salut (2006) and Bahaa Trabelsi's Une vie à trois (2000). In L'Enfant ébloui, the first-person narrative of a fictionalized autobiographical text serves as the entry point as it allows to explore the transnarrationality as a movement across narration and either regions or sexual practices and therefore contributes to this text being read as queer. Taïa's L'Armée du salut possesses some of the same elements as L'Enfant ébloui, but the movement (whether it be geographical/transnational, in the temporality of the novel or the organization of it with a focus on different pronouns) emerges as the second defining element. Finally, in Une vie à trois, a juxtaposition of multiple voices--from different narrative positions and representing gender categories that speak of different sexual experiences across world regions--merges into a queer statement of tolerance for same-sex relations. All three novels and their discussion about identity, movement and transnarrationality emerge as examples of this writing on movement and identity, in other words, a queer homosocial literature.