The effects of mirror therapy on upper extremity pain and function in patients with complex regional pain syndrome: Systematic review and case study
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of mirror therapy on upper extremity pain and function for individuals with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) through a systematic review and a case study. Health related databases were searched to identify relative qualitative and quantitative studies. Five studies were identified at evidence Level I, one study was identified at level II, and 10 studies at Level V. The studies were heterogeneous for design, size, outcome measurements, and few studies described the protocols in detail. In the case study, the participant received 12 mirror therapy sessions. The mirror therapy sessions were designed by an occupational therapist based on the results of the systematic review; each session consisted of mirror therapy exercises and functional activities. The case study results indicated reduced pain and improved function of upper extremity.