Analyzing perspectives on the net energy metering debate case study: California
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In light of climate change, debate over which residential solar energy production incentive program should be widely implemented in the United States is increasing. Most environmentalists and solar companies favor net metering programs, while utilities strongly oppose these programs. Meanwhile, low income and consumer advocates are divided regarded whether net metering should be maintained. In addition, of those who oppose net metering, some favor Value of Solar Tariff programs. All of the stakeholders emphasize different reasons for why a certain tariff program is preferable. This thesis clarifies and compares the positions of stakeholders on various issues within the debate over the effectiveness of net metering programs. It accomplishes this by examining the current controversy in California regarding which type of program should replace the state's current net metering program. Through content analysis, this thesis finds that the net metering debate is highly complex, subjective, and political. The value of this research is that it summarizes and simplifies this complicated debate, which will lead to better decisions regarding the future of residential net metering in the United States.