Factors associated with intimate partner violence screening behaviors by healthcare providers in Jordan
Abu Sabbah, Eman A.
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Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women has been identified as a global public health problem with the profound impacts on the women's health. Screening for IPV is advocated for early identification and intervention with suspected victims. However, the information about Jordanian healthcare providers (HCPs') screening practices for IPV is limited. Purpose: To investigate Jordanian HCPs' screening behaviors for IPV as well as the personal, professional, and institutional factors associated with screening. Method: This study is a cross-sectional design. Data were collected by stratified quota sampling from 139 HCPs (physicians and nurses) working in hospitals and healthcare centers of two major cities in Jordan. A questionnaire was adapted from three established tools for use in this study and translated into Arabic. Descriptive, bivariate and multivariable statistics were used to answer three research questions related to perceptions of factors related to screening propensity. Results: HCPs screen for IPV more frequently when there is evidence of injury compared to other clinical conditions. Physicians perceived that they had more knowledge about IPV and self-efficacy, and were less resistant to screening than were the nurses in this study. A significant amount of variance (45%) in healthcare providers' screening behaviors for IPV were attributed to the combination of personal, professional, and institutional factors. However, professional factors accounted for 31% of the variance in screening. HCPs' perceived knowledge about IPV and clinical setting where HCPs working emerged as key factors for their inquiry about IPV. Conclusion: IPV screening in Jordan could be enhanced with modifications to professional factors such as increased education about IPV in professional curricula and clinical setting accommodations for screening.